- Which of the following countries was not part of the Soviet Union in 1991 ?
Ans : Yugoslavia .
2. The land Yugoslavia was divided into 7 countries? Which of the following is not part of the former Yugoslavia?
Ans : Armenia.
3. Where would you find the Itaipu Dam?
Ans : Panama River, South America .
4. In the 2008, Online Survey, which of the following is not one of the New Seven Wonders
Ans : Petronas Twin Towers .
5. What is the capital of Estonia?
Ans : Talinn .
6. What is the type of government of Denmark?
Ans : Constitutional Democracy .
7. Where is the official home of Santa Claus?
Ans : Finland .
8. The largest dam in the world is located in
Ans : South America .
9.What is the largest country in the world in terms of land area?
Ans : Russia
10.The country of Singapore is made up of how many islands?
Ans : 64
11.Which is the only country in the world to have a square flag?
Ans : Switzerland .
12. What is the largest City in the USA in terms of area?
Ans : Juneau
13. What is the smallest country in the world?
Ans : Vatican City
14. What is the smallest country in the world?
Ans : Russia (17,075,400 km square)
SHORT STUDY NOTES ON SPORTS FOR ALL COMPETITIVE EXAM
–Olympics games were started in 776 BC on Mount Olympia in the honour of Greek
God, “Zeus’. The modern Olympic Games were started in Athens, the capital of
Greece on 6 April, 1896 with great efforts made by Frence nobleman, Baron Pierre
–The Olympic Games were organized after every 4 years.
–The Olympic Flag is made up of white silk and contains five interwined rings as the
–The Five interlaced rings are arranged in 3-2 pattern on a white background, with the
blue ring to the extreme left, followed by yellow, black, green and red, in the same
-Blue for Europe, Black for Africa, Red for Americas (North and south America),
Yellow for Asia and Green for Oceania (Australia and New Zealand).
-The official Olympic Motto is Citius, Altius, Fortius, a Latin Phrase meaning Swifter,
Higher, Stronger. The Head office of international Olympic Committee (IOC) is at Lausanne (Switzerland)
-The first Commonwealth Games were held in 1930 in Hamilton, Canada where 11
countries sent 400 athletes to take part in 6 sports and 59 events. Six sports made up
the programme of the first Commonwealth Games: Athletics, Aquatics (Swimming &
Diving), Boxing, Lawn Bowls, Rowing and Wrestling
-Since 1930, the games have been conducted every 4 years except for 1942 and 1946
due to World War II.
-The Commonwealth Games are also known as the British Empire Games from 1930
to 1950, the British Empire and Commonwealth Games from 1954 to 1966 and the
British Commonwealth Games from 1970 to 1974.
-The commonwealth Games federation (CGF) is the organization which is responsible
for the direction and control of the commonwealth Games.
-There are currently 54 members of the commonwealth of Nations, and 71 teams
participated in the games.
-The Asian Games, also called the Asiad, are a multi – sport event held every 4 years
among athletes from all over Asia.
-The games are regulated by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA), under the
supervision of the international Olympic Committee (IOC). The first Asian Games
were held in 1951 in New Delhi (India). 18 Asian Games of 2018 will be held at
-India has participated in fourteen of the eighteen previous Commonwealth Games.
-India hosted the Games in 2010, at Delhi. It was India’s most successful
-Commonwealth Games to date with Indian athletes winning 38 gold, 27 silver and 36
Cricket World Cup
-The first World Cup was organised in England in June 1975.
Hockey World Cup
-The first Hockey World Cup was organized in Barcelona (Spain) in 1971.
-Women’s Hockey world cup has been held since 1974.
-The 13 Hockey world cup held in the Netherlands (Hague) in 2014.
-The 14 Hockey world cup will be held in Bhubaneswar India in 2018.
Football World Cup
–The football world cup is organized by FIFA (Federation of International Football
-The world cup is called ‘Jules Rimet Cup’ named after the name of FIFA President
-The first Football World cup was oranised in Uruguay in 1930.
-In 1942 and 1946, the football world cup was not played due to World War II.
-The 20 FIFA world cup held in Brazil in which Germany become the champion by
defeating Argentina 1-0 in the final.
-Brazil is the only nation to have participated in every World Cup so far.
-The 2018 and 2022 Football world cup scheduled to be held at Russia and Qatar
FIRST IN THE WORLD
Asian city to host Olympics Tokyo Japan, 1964
Athlete disqualified at the Olympics for drug use- Hans-Gunnar Lijenwall,Mexico Olympics, 1968
Blind person to conquer the Everest – Erik Weihenmayer, USA, 2001
Cricket Club- Cricket club founded in Hambledon, England
Country to Print Books China
Country to issue paper currency China
Country to start Civil Service Competition China
Country to make education compulsory Prussia
Country to win World Cup football Uruguay
Country to make a constitution USA
Country to Organize NAM Summit Belgrade
Country to send human to Moon USA
Country to launch satellite into space Russia
Country to host modern Olympics Greece
Country to launch Radio Telescope Satellite into space Japan
European to visit China Marco Polo
Man to climb Mt Everest- Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary, 1953
Man to reach North Pole Robert Peary
Man to reach South Pole Ronald Amundsen
Man to Fly an aeroplan Wright Brothers
Man to sail around the World Ferdinand Magellan
Man to set foot on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Man to go to the space Major Yuri Gagarin
Man to draw the map of Earth Anexemander
Man to compile Encyclopedia Aspheosis
Man to win Nobel Prize in Literature Rene FA and Silt Pradhom
Man to win Nobel Prize in Peace Jin F Dunant nad Frederic Peiry
Man to win Nobel Prize in Physics WK Roentgen
Man to win Nobel Prize in Chemistry JH Wenthoff
Man to win Nobel Prize in Medicine AE Wonn Behring
Man to win Nobel Prize in Economics Ranger Fish and John Tinbergen
Man to sail around the World alone Joshua Slocum
Man tourist in Space Dennis Tito
Man to have climbed Mount Everest Twice Nawang Gombu
Man Oscar winner for the Best Actor Emil Jannings, 1928
Man to win Tour de France Maurice Garin, 1903
Man boxing champion Tim Hyer, 1841
Man chess champion Wilhelm Steinitz, 1886
Man to walk in space Alexei Arkhovich Leonov, 1965
Man heart transplant was per formed by Dr. Christian Barnard, 1967
Man heart transplant recipient Louis Washkansky, 1967
Man to fly solo non stop across the Atlantic Charles Lindbergh, 1927
Man to swim across the English Channel Matthew Webb, 1875
Man to fly solo nonstop around the world in ballon Steve Fossett, U.S., 2002
Man to cross the Pacific Ocean in hot air balloon Ben Abruzzo and team in the Double Eagle V
Movie in the world The jazz Singer , 1927
Parkinson’s disease was first described by James Parkinson, British neurologist, 1817
Religion of the world Santosh Dharma
Recipient of a permanent artificial heart Barney Clark, 1982
Secretary General of UN Trigve Li
Space shuttle launched Colombia
Space ship landed on Moon Viking-1
Space vehicle to land on the moon Lunar Exploration Module (LEM)
Woman tourist in Space Mrs Anousheh Ansari
Woman civilian police adviser of the U.N. Kiran Bedi
Woman Bishop Rev Barbara C. Harris (USA)
Woman to win Nobel Prize in Literature Selma Lagerlof
Woman to win Nobel Prize in Peace Bertha von Suttner
Woman to win Nobel Prize in Physics Marie Curie-Skłodowska
Woman to win Nobel Prize in Chemistry Marie Curie-Skłodowska
Woman to win Nobel Prize in Medicine Gerty Theresa Cori
Woman to win Nobel Prize in Economics Elinor Ostrom
Woman Prime Minister of a Country S Bhandarnayake
Woman Cosmonaut in Space Valentina Tereshkova, USSR
Woman to Climb Mt. Everest Juno Tabei, Japan
Woman President of UN General assembly Vijayalakshmi Pandit
Woman to reach North Pole Mrs Fran Phipps
Woman to reach Antartica Caroline Michaelson
Woman President of a Country Maria Estela Peron
Woman to sail around the world alone Kat Cotte
Woman to win an Olympic Gold Medal Charlotte Cooper, UK, Tennis singles, 1900
Woman professional bullfighter Patricia Mccormick, 1952
Women’s Olympic marathon Champion Joan Benoit, Los Angles, 1984
Woman to Climb Mt. Everest twice Santosh Yadav
Woman Oscar winner for Best Actress Janet Gaynor, 1928
Woman black tennis player to win a singles title at Wimbledon A Gibson, 1957
Woman to win a Grand Slam Maureen Catherine, 1953
Woman to swim the English Channel Gertrude Ederle, 1926
Woman to set foot on North Pole Ann Bancroft, USA, 1986
University of the world Taxila University