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  1. Which of the following countries was not part of the Soviet Union in 1991 ?

Ans : Yugoslavia .

 

2. The land Yugoslavia was divided into 7 countries?  Which of the following is not part of the former Yugoslavia?

Ans : Armenia.

 

3. Where would you find the Itaipu Dam?

Ans : Panama River, South America .

 

4. In the 2008, Online Survey, which of the following is not one of the New Seven Wonders

Ans : Petronas Twin Towers .

 

5. What is the capital of Estonia?

Ans : Talinn .

 

6. What is the type of government of Denmark?

Ans : Constitutional Democracy .

 

7. Where is the official home of Santa Claus?

Ans : Finland .

 

8. The largest dam in the world is located  in

Ans : South America .

9.What is the largest country in the world in terms of land area?

Ans : Russia

 

10.The country of Singapore is made up of how many islands?

Ans : 64

 

11.Which is the only country in the world to have a square flag?

Ans : Switzerland .

 

12. What is the largest City in the USA in terms of area?

Ans : Juneau

 

13. What is the smallest country in the world?

Ans : Vatican City

 

14. What is the smallest country in the world?

Ans : Russia (17,075,400 km square)





SHORT STUDY NOTES ON SPORTS FOR ALL COMPETITIVE EXAM

  Olympics

 Olympics games were started in 776 BC on Mount Olympia in the honour of Greek

God, “Zeus’. The modern Olympic Games were started in Athens, the capital of

Greece on 6 April, 1896 with great efforts made by Frence nobleman, Baron Pierre

de Coubertin.

The Olympic Games were organized after every 4 years.

The Olympic Flag is made up of white silk and contains five interwined rings as the

Olympic Emblem.

The Five interlaced rings are arranged in 3-2 pattern on a white background, with the

blue ring to the extreme left, followed by yellow, black, green and red, in the same

order.

-Blue for Europe, Black for Africa, Red for Americas (North and south America),

Yellow for Asia and Green for Oceania (Australia and New Zealand).

-The official Olympic Motto is Citius, Altius, Fortius, a Latin Phrase meaning Swifter,

Higher, Stronger. The Head office of international Olympic Committee (IOC) is at Lausanne (Switzerland)

 

   Commonwealth Games

-The first Commonwealth Games were held in 1930 in Hamilton, Canada where 11

countries sent 400 athletes to take part in 6 sports and 59 events. Six sports made up

the programme of the first Commonwealth Games: Athletics, Aquatics (Swimming &

Diving), Boxing, Lawn Bowls, Rowing and Wrestling

-Since 1930, the games have been conducted every 4 years except for 1942 and 1946

due to World War II.

-The Commonwealth Games are also known as the British Empire Games from 1930

to 1950, the British Empire and Commonwealth Games from 1954 to 1966 and the

British Commonwealth Games from 1970 to 1974.

-The commonwealth Games federation (CGF) is the organization which is responsible

for the direction and control of the commonwealth Games.

-There are currently 54 members of the commonwealth of Nations, and 71 teams

participated in the games.

-The Asian Games, also called the Asiad, are a multi – sport event held every 4 years

among athletes from all over Asia.

-The games are regulated by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA), under the

supervision of the international Olympic Committee (IOC). The first Asian Games

were held in 1951 in New Delhi (India). 18 Asian Games of 2018 will be held at

Jakarta (Indonesia).

-India has participated in fourteen of the eighteen previous Commonwealth Games.

-India hosted the Games in 2010, at Delhi. It was India’s most successful

-Commonwealth Games to date with Indian athletes winning 38 gold, 27 silver and 36

bronze medals.




 

   Cricket World Cup

-The first World Cup was organised in England in June 1975.

  Hockey World Cup

-The first Hockey World Cup was organized in Barcelona (Spain) in 1971.

-Women’s Hockey world cup has been held since 1974.

-The 13 Hockey world cup held in the Netherlands (Hague) in 2014.

-The 14 Hockey world cup will be held in Bhubaneswar India in 2018.

 

    Football World Cup

The football world cup is organized by FIFA (Federation of International Football

Association).

-The world cup is called ‘Jules Rimet Cup’ named after the name of FIFA President

Jules Rimet.

-The first Football World cup was oranised in Uruguay in 1930.

-In 1942 and 1946, the football world cup was not played due to World War II.

-The 20 FIFA world cup held in Brazil in which Germany become the champion by

defeating Argentina 1-0 in the final.

-Brazil is the only nation to have participated in every World Cup so far.

-The 2018 and 2022 Football world cup scheduled to be held at Russia and Qatar

respectively.





FIRST IN THE WORLD

Asian city to host Olympics Tokyo                                                       Japan, 1964

Athlete disqualified at the Olympics for drug use-                Hans-Gunnar Lijenwall,Mexico Olympics, 1968

Blind person to conquer the Everest –                                          Erik Weihenmayer, USA, 2001

Cricket Club-                                                                             Cricket club founded in Hambledon, England
Country to Print Books                                                                                   China

Country to issue paper currency                                                                    China

Country to start Civil Service Competition                                                  China

Country to make education compulsory                                                      Prussia

Country to win World Cup football                                                               Uruguay

Country to make a constitution                                                                     USA

Country to Organize NAM Summit                                                              Belgrade

Country to send human to Moon                                                                  USA

Country to launch satellite into space                                                         Russia

Country to host modern Olympics                                                              Greece

Country to launch Radio Telescope Satellite into space                        Japan

European to visit China                                                                                Marco Polo

Man to climb Mt Everest-                                                                   Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary, 1953

Man to reach North Pole                                                                              Robert Peary

Man to reach South Pole                                                                              Ronald Amundsen

Man to Fly an aeroplan                                                                                Wright Brothers

Man to sail around the World                                                                     Ferdinand Magellan

Man to set foot on the Moon                                                                       Neil Armstrong

Man to go to the space                                                                                 Major Yuri Gagarin

Man to draw the map of Earth                                                                   Anexemander

Man to compile Encyclopedia                                                                    Aspheosis

Man to win Nobel Prize in Literature                                                       Rene FA and Silt Pradhom

Man to win Nobel Prize in Peace                                                               Jin F Dunant nad Frederic Peiry

Man to win Nobel Prize in Physics                                                           WK Roentgen

Man to win Nobel Prize in Chemistry                                                       JH Wenthoff

Man to win Nobel Prize in Medicine                                                        AE Wonn Behring

Man to win Nobel Prize in Economics                                                     Ranger Fish and John Tinbergen

Man to sail around the World alone                                                         Joshua Slocum

Man tourist in Space                                                                                    Dennis Tito

Man to have climbed Mount Everest Twice                                            Nawang Gombu

Man Oscar winner for the Best Actor                                                       Emil Jannings, 1928

Man to win Tour de France                                                                        Maurice Garin, 1903

Man boxing champion                                                                                 Tim Hyer, 1841

Man chess champion                                                                                   Wilhelm Steinitz, 1886

Man to walk in space                                                                                    Alexei Arkhovich Leonov, 1965

Man heart transplant was per formed by                                                Dr. Christian Barnard, 1967

Man heart transplant recipient                                                                  Louis Washkansky, 1967

Man to fly solo non stop across the Atlantic                                          Charles Lindbergh, 1927

Man to swim across the English Channel                                                Matthew Webb, 1875

Man to fly solo nonstop around the world in ballon                              Steve Fossett, U.S., 2002

Man to cross the Pacific Ocean in hot air balloon                                  Ben Abruzzo and team in the Double Eagle V

Movie in the world                                                                                        The jazz Singer , 1927

Parkinson’s disease was first described by                                               James Parkinson, British neurologist, 1817

Religion of the world                                                                                    Santosh Dharma

Recipient of a permanent artificial heart                                                 Barney Clark, 1982

Secretary General of UN                                                                              Trigve Li

Space shuttle launched                                                                                Colombia

Space ship landed on Moon                                                                        Viking-1

Space vehicle to land on the moon                                                            Lunar Exploration Module (LEM)

Woman tourist in Space                                                                              Mrs Anousheh Ansari

Woman civilian police adviser of the U.N.                                              Kiran Bedi

Woman Bishop                                                                                              Rev Barbara C. Harris (USA)

Woman to win Nobel Prize in Literature                                                 Selma Lagerlof

Woman to win Nobel Prize in Peace                                                         Bertha von Suttner

Woman to win Nobel Prize in Physics                                                      Marie Curie-Skłodowska

Woman to win Nobel Prize in Chemistry                                                 Marie Curie-Skłodowska

Woman to win Nobel Prize in Medicine                                                   Gerty Theresa Cori

Woman to win Nobel Prize in Economics                                                 Elinor Ostrom

Woman Prime Minister of a Country                                                         S Bhandarnayake

Woman Cosmonaut in Space                                                                        Valentina Tereshkova, USSR

Woman to Climb Mt. Everest                                                                        Juno Tabei, Japan

Woman President of UN General assembly                                                Vijayalakshmi Pandit

Woman to reach North Pole                                                                           Mrs Fran Phipps

Woman to reach Antartica                                                                              Caroline Michaelson

Woman President of a Country                                                                      Maria Estela Peron

Woman to sail around the world alone                                                         Kat Cotte

Woman to win an Olympic Gold Medal                                                        Charlotte Cooper, UK, Tennis singles, 1900

Woman professional bullfighter                                                                      Patricia Mccormick, 1952

Women’s Olympic marathon Champion                                                        Joan Benoit, Los Angles, 1984

Woman to Climb Mt. Everest twice                                                                 Santosh Yadav

Woman Oscar winner for Best Actress                                                            Janet Gaynor, 1928

Woman black tennis player to win a singles title at Wimbledon                A Gibson, 1957

Woman to win a Grand Slam                                                                             Maureen Catherine, 1953

Woman to swim the English Channel                                                               Gertrude Ederle, 1926

Woman to set foot on North Pole                                                                       Ann Bancroft, USA, 1986

University of the world                                                                                          Taxila University

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